Room 231

The work, rants, and ideas from room 231!

Month: December 2015 (page 1 of 6)

Civil Rights Movements

The Civil Rights Movement began in 1955 because African Americans got tired of being servants. Also African Americans wanted equal privileges of a U.S. citizen like voting and being able to have freedom.

Who was Rosa Parks?

Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was an African-American Civil Rights activist, whom the United States Congress called “The first lady of civil rights” and “The mother of the freedom movement” that sat on a bus in December 1st 1955 and when a Caucasian male came and told her to get out of the seat even though there were a bunch of other seats that he could sit in, but Rosa Parks didn’t get out of of the seat so she ended up getting arrested which started the bus boycott and 50,000 people stopped riding the bus in that county.

Who was Martin Luther King Jr

Martin Luther King Jr was an American Baptist minister, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights movement, he gave the “I have a Dream” at the Lincoln Memorial.

Martin Luther King Jr was assassinated at Memphis, Tennessee by James Earl Ray on the day April 4, 1968.

Then what happened was that the Congress passed a law and everyone was then treated equally and everyone had the same rights.

Alexa’s civil rights

The civil rights movement affected African-Americans. The civil
rights movement started in 1955, which created this classroom to be the way it is. It has affected every single african American in the south. African americans knew that they weren’t being treated fairly so they wanted to do something about it. Nowadays, all people from the same race are in the same class, and teams, and everybody has equality. This all happened because of the civil rights movement.

Who was Rosa Parks?
Rosa Parks was a civil rights civilist. She was born on February 4 1913, and she died on October 24 2005. Rosa Parks was a really important woman. Rosa Parks even refused to give up her seat to an American when she was supposed to because back then the whites had more power than the african americans so Rosa Parks went to jail just for refusing her seat on the bus to an american even when there were more seats in the back for the american guy to sit on.

Rosa Parks Being Famous to the county for the Bus Boycott!
Rosa started a bus boycott. She encouraged 50,000 African-Americans to not ride the county bus, they either had to walk, bike ride, or carpool. This peaceful protest ended with the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public buses is unconstitutional.

Who was Martin Luther King Jr!
Martin Luther King was a baptist minister. He was also born on January 15 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. Martin Luther King was a really important man to america. He was educated at Boston University, Morehouse College, and at Crozer Theological Seminary. Martin Luther King was arrested and jailed during anti-segregation protests in Birmingham, Ala. He was shot and killed on April 4 1968.
I Have A Dream Speech Martin Luther King Jr.
On Wednesday, August 28 1963, It all took place in Washington DC. Where 250,000’s of Americans headed to Washington on Tuesday August 27, 1963 where it all took place. Also where Martin luther king Jr Standing in front of the Lincoln Memorial shared his historic,’’I Have A Dream Speech’’. Where he called to end racism.

The civil rights movement act of 1964 really changed a lot. It outlawed all discrimination against race, color, and religion.

In Conclusion
With the determination of Martin luther King Jr and other civil rights leaders, African Americans have equal rights like other races. This movement has changed many lives of African Americans. Without this movement, schools like Daly Elementary in 2015 wouldn’t be the way it is.

For my Minecraft #Nerds

Auto Saftey

Auto Safety

Here are a few people that change auto safety forever.

 

Table of Contents

 

 

  • Introduction
  • Table of Contents
  • About Samuel Alderson
  • About Ralph Nader
  • Henry Ford
  • Conclusion

 

 

About Samuel Alderson

Samuel Alderson was born in Cleveland, Ohio on October 21, 1914. He died on February 11, 2005. He was a great inventor for crash test dummy. For example, during the last half of the twentieth century Samuel made something to keep drivers safe. We call them seat belts. Samuel made more things seat belts though and change the way auto safety was forever.

 

Samuel was raised in southern California as a toddler where his father ran a custom sheet-metal and sign shop. He graduated from high school at the age of 15 and went on to intermittently study at Reed College, Caltech, Columbia and UC Berkeley. He completed his formal education at the University of California, Berkeley under the tutelage of J. Robert Oppenheimer and Ernest O. Lawrence, but did not complete his doctoral dissertation.

 

In 1952, he began his own company, Alderson Research Laboratories (ARL), and quickly won a contract to create an anthropometric dummy for use in testing aircraft ejection seats. At about the same time, automobile manufacturers were being challenged to produce safer vehicles, and to do so without relying on live volunteers or human cadavers.

 

In 1966, the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act was passed, which together with Ralph  Nader’s book, “Unsafe at Any Speed” put the search for an anatomically faithful test dummy into high gear. With this as a goal, Samuel Alderson produced the V.I.P., a dummy designed to mimic an average male’s weight and to reproduce the effects of impact like a real person. His work went on to see the creation of the Hybrid family of test dummies, which as of the beginning of the 21st century are the de facto standards for testing.

 

Samuel also worked for the U.S. military. During World War II, he helped develop an optical coating to improve the vision of submarine periscopes, and worked on depth charge and missile guidance technology. He also helped create dummies, that reacted to radiation, and synthetic wounds, used in emergency training simulations, which behaved like real wounds. Based on that experience, he formed another company that he managed until shortly before his death, Radiology Support Devices (RSD), to supply the healthcare industry.

 

Alderson died at his home in Marina Del Rey, California, due to complications from myelofibrosis. Alderson was widowed once and divorced three times.

About Ralph Nader

Ralph Nader was born in February 27, 1934. He is an American political activist, as well as an author, lecturer, and attorney. Areas of particular concern to Nader include consumer protection, humanitarianism, environmentalism, and democratic government.

 

Ralph published his book  “Unsafe at Any Speed” in 1965. It’s about a critique of the safety record of American automobile manufacturers in general, and particularly the first-generation Chevrolet Corvair. In 1999, a New York University panel of journalists ranked Unsafe at Any Speed 38th among the top 100 pieces of journalism of the 20th century.

 

Henry Ford

Henry Ford was born into a farm family in 1863 near Dearborn, Michigan, and showed an early interest in mechanics. He fixed neighbors’ watches and built his first steam engine at 15.

 

He tinkered constantly, and as America’s first automobiles emerged, Ford focused on internal combustion engines. John W. Lambert invented the nation’s first gasoline-powered automobile in 1891. Five years later, Ford unveiled his own “horseless carriage,” which he named the “Quadricycle,” because it ran on four bicycle tires. The Quadricycle, which steered with a tiller much like a boat, had just two speeds with no reverse.

Ford at the time was chief engineer at Thomas Edison’s thriving Edison Illuminating Company, but his venturesome spirit led him to strike out on his own to try his hand at automotive engineering. Ford left with the encouragement of Edison, who later became one of his closest friends.

“He was always willing to take risks,” says Bob Casey, curator of transportation at the Henry Ford Museum in Dearborn.

“In 1901, when his first company went belly up, he built this race car and literally risked his life in a race to raise the public perception of him that (he) knew how to build these newfangled machines,” Casey says. “It was a pretty gutsy thing to do.”

 

Conclusion

3 people that change auto history forever. Go online and find more about Samuel, Ralph, and Henry.

 

Tobacco Safety

Tobacco Safety  

 

The Tobacco Safety movement started 1960.  The reason why the laws for Tobacco was changed people kept getting sick and dieing.  So the types of laws that were changed was you can’t smoke in types of places like stores, playgrounds, schools, and private property.  And most people are still smoking tobacco today.  And some people are selling it on the street and people buy them so some people die some people get sick.  So that’s why they tell people not to smoke tobacco anymore.  Tobacco is really bad for people they are getting arrested for smoking tobacco these days.  tobacco is hurting people’s lunges and getting them crazy in the mind.  

Jeffrey wigand was popular at 1990 helping people to stop smoking tobacco most people stopped smoking once he told people what was in it tobacco smoke has more than 4,000  chemicals in it.

And that one of the reasons why people stopped smoking tobacco.  Tobacco has batties, candle wax, barbecue lighter,Industrial Solvent, Insecticide, toilet cleaner, paint, rocket fuel, poison sewer gas, vinegar, and lighter fluid.  Cigarettes have the same thing in it. Most people are smoking tobacco out of pipes they did not smoke it every day in 1612 settlers of the first american colony in a country grew tobacco as a cash crop.  More than 3,200 people under 18 smoke  cigarettes  and  2,100 youth and young adults become smokers.

 Tobacco is bad thing to do I hope that the people that do it no they can die or get sick from it.  People should not be making tobacco anymore that they see that people are dying from it.

My Civil Rights Essay

My Movement:   Civil Rights

What was the conflict?
The Civil Rights movement has affected every single African-American in Daly Elementary. The movement was started in 1955, because African-Americans had rights taken away from them, African-Americans also weren’t treated equally, this inspired people to take action. This movement made many things happen such as; multi-cultural classrooms and schools, African-Americans and Caucasians to be allowed under the same roof, and equal rights for everybody in Daly Elementary.

 

Who is Rosa Parks?

Rosa Parks was a civil rights activist, she was born on February 4, 1913 in Tuskegee, Alabama. Her full name is Rosa Louise McCauley Parks, and was educated at Industrial School for Girls, Alabama State Teachers College for Negroes. She became a civil rights activist after being jailed because she wouldn’t give up her first row seat in the back of the bus to a Caucasian man. Rosa Parks was married Raymond Parks, but their marriage ended after 45 years when Raymond died. Rosa had no children.

 

The Bus Boycott.

 

I stated that Rosa became a civil rights activist after being jailed because she wouldn’t give up her first row seat in the back of the bus to a Caucasian man, here’s what she did about it. Rosa started a bus boycott. The boycott began on December 1, 1955, and ended on December 20, 1956. She encouraged all African-Americans to not ride the county bus, they either had to walk, bike ride, or carpool. 50,000 African-Americans did not ride the county bus for 13 months. This peaceful protest ended with the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public buses is unconstitutional.

 

Who was Martin Luther King Jr.?
Martin Luther King Jr. was also a civil rights rights activist. He was born on January 15, 1929, in Tuskegee, Alabama. Martin’s name at birth is Michael King Jr., named after his father; Michael King. Michael Sr. then changed his name to Martin– in honor of the great protestant reformer. Michael Sr. also changed his son’s name too. Martin Jr. had 4 kids. He was married Coretta Scott King, who was also an activist, an author, and a civil rights leader.  He was shot and killed on April 4, 1968 in Memphis Tennessee by James Earl Ray.

 

Martin Luther King Jr’s “I Have a Dream” Speech.

 

On August 28, 1963, on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial , in Washington  D.C., during the march on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his famous I have a dream speech. The I have a dream part came at the very end though, the speech was about how 100 years after Abraham Lincoln freed all the slaves, African-Americans were still treated like dirt.  250,000 demonstrators attended the nonviolent protesting. Demonstrators then marched a mile-long walk from the National Mall to the Lincoln Memorial. The three-hour long program at the Lincoln Memorial included speeches from civil rights leaders and religious leaders. The day came to end with a meeting between the march leaders and President John F. Kennedy at the White House.

 

Bloody Sunday.

 

On Sunday, March 7, 1965,  Dr. King and several other civil rights leaders organized three marches from Selma, Alabama, to the state capital of Montgomery, in a bid for voting rights for all.  It involved nearly 600 protesters, (which compared his other protests was nothing) the protest got out of hand very quickly.  Dr.King wasn’t present at the time of the protest, he had church duties to fulfill. Yet days before, Dr.King had met with government officials to try to ensure the marchers would not be blocking any of the main streets during the march. Even though Dr.King did that, mob and police violence still broke out. Seeing the footage made him call that Sunday, “a Bloody Sunday.” The march was aborted, and Dr.King tried several other times to get to Montgomery, only to fail. The protesters finally made it to Montgomery in March 25. Bloody Sunday was a turning point for Dr.King, demonstrating his nonviolence strategy.

 

The Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The civil rights act of 1964 made everything that all the protest leaders of all movements worth it. It is a piece of civil rights legislation that outlawed any discrimination against  race, color, religion, gender, or national origin.

 

With the determination of Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr., and other civil rights activists, African-Americans have equal rights just as any race. Without the civil rights movement, the classrooms at Daly Elementary in 2015 would not be the way they are right now, classrooms would still be segregated, and every other thing in the school would be changed so that African-Americans and Caucasians would be separated.  Nowadays, African-Americans and any other race can be together. Classrooms are a mix of all the races, and no race is separated from each other.

 

 

 

The Women’s Right’s Movement

                                                                                  The Women’s  Rights

The Women’s Suffrage has affected every single woman that was born in the U.S.A. The Women’s Reform Movement started in 1848. All Women should have the right to vote.  

 

In the matter Women’s rights one of the people. Elizabeth Cady Stanton was born in November 12, 1815. She was the first lady that was involved with the women’s right. Elizabeth Cady Stanton married a reformer Henry Stanton. Elizabeth Cady Stanton the daughter of a lawyer who made no secret of his preference for another son.

Another woman that was involved with the the women’s rights is Susan B. Anthony. The Anthony’s’ farm served as a meeting place for such famed abolitionists. Susan B. Anthony’s family moved to Battenville, New York, in 1826. Susan B. Anthony The Anthony’s moved to a farm in the Rochester, New York area, in the mid-1840s. Susan B. Anthony After her father’s business failed in the Late 1830s, Anthony returned home to help her family make ends meet, and found work as a teacher.

 

Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and several other women held the famous Seneca Falls Convention in July 1848. At this meeting, the attendees drew up its “Declaration of Sentiments” and took the lead in proposing that women be granted the right to vote. Not that long ago that women weren’t allowed to vote. Also that women were not treated like men.

 

The 19th amendment  started in August evening, Tennessee became the 36th state to approve the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, granting women the right to vote. It was the climax of a 144-year odyssey from the Declaration of Independence and clarified once and for all, the meaning of “all men are created equal.” As was the case throughout this journey, the final vote did not come easy.

 

Because of the Woman’s rights movement  women at Daly Elementary school can now vote when they are older. Voting is important because if you don’t vote then you don’t get the judgement of who’s in charge.

 

 

 

Civil rights Movement Derek G.

The Civil Rights movement affected all of the African American  people that are in the USA. The movement started around 1955 because of a bus boycott. The movement happened because African American people knew they were being treated unequal.

 

The mother of the the civil rights movement is most probably Rosa Parks. Rosa Parks was born in February 14th, 1913, and died in October 24th 2005. She got her education at Highlander Folk School, and Alabama State University. She was a secretary for NAACP.

 

The reason Rosa Parks was so important is because of the Montgomery bus boycott. In 1955 Rosa parks was returning from work and got on a city bus (that had a ‘colored section’ and a white section) she sat down on the the first seat in the colored section. Later on the white section got full so the driver made the ‘colored section’ go back a seat so that meant that Rosa had to get up. But she refused to get up so the driver called the cops. The evening she got arrested NAACP decided to organize a bus boycott. The boycott lasted 381 days with 50,000 people participating  until a law passed saying that segregating in buses is bad.  

 

“I have a dream…” Martin Luther King Jr. 1963

Martin Luther King Jr is probably the most important person in the civil rights movement, mostly because he lead the movement. Martin Luther King Jr. was born in January 15, 1929, and died in 1969 by getting shot on a balcony. Martin Luther King Jr. was a  baptist Minister. He got his education in Booker T High, Boston University, and Morehouse college.

 

One of the things Martin is most recognized is by his famous ‘I Have a Dream speech’. On August 28, 1963, 250,000 people marched on the Lincoln Memorial to get the attention of president Kennedy to help get equality for African Americans. After the march important people involved with the Civil Rights movement took turns giving speeches. In his speech he told of a world where there was no segregation and how ‘Negroes’ were being treated unfair so they need to ‘cash in’ freedom. The famous line in his speech is the “I have a dream” part (can’t believe I had to google that).

Other famous lines in the speech were:

 

“I have a dream that one day right there in Alabama little black boys and little black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.

 

Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice.

       

I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.”

 

All of the work that Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa parks did finally paid off when the Civil rights act of 1964 law was passed. The law outlawed discrimination in the USA. The President that passed this law was Lyndon Johnson but was proposed by President John F. Kennedy who believed that everyone should have equal rights.

 

Through hard work and determination Martin Luther King Jr. and his followers (people like him) changed the way African Americans were treated in the USA. Without the civil rights movement our classroom, in 2015, wouldn’t have so many kids of different races and some races would still be treated unequally.   

The Civil Rights Movement

The Civil Rights movement has affected every single one of us at Daly  Elementary. The civil rights movement started in the 1950’s,  it gave  us multicultural classrooms.  African Americans wanted to be treated as equally as  whites.

Who is Rosa Parks?

Rosa Parks was an african american.  Rosa Parks was born on February 4,1913.  Rosa Parks went to school at Highlander Folk School and
This protest ended with the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public buses is unconstitutional.  Also this is when Rosa Parks died October 24, 2005.  Rosa was a very imprudent women Rosa parks even got arrested because she would not give up her set for a white man.  Rosa Parks got arrested because the african americans had to set in the back and the white people has to set in the front.  Also after Rosa Parks got out of jail she started the boycott that’s when the black people stopped using the bus for a year.  Also some white people that liked Rosa Parks supported her and did not ride the the buses ether and 50,000 people did not ride the busses because of the boycott.

Who is Martin Luther King?

Martin Luther King was an African American civil rights leader.  Martin Luther King was born January 15, 1929 in Atlanta Georgia.   Martin Luther King went to 3 different schools after high school here are the the schools he went to Morehouse College, Crozer Theological Seminary, Boston university.  Martin Luther King on was assassinated on April 4, 1968.

Boycott

Rosa Parks after she got out of jail she started the boycott this is when the boycott started December 1, 1955 and it ended December 20, 1956.  Rosa Parks started the boycott because she wouldn’t give her seat on the bus to a white man.  She encouraged African Americans to not ride the bus, they either had to walk,  bike, or carpool.  50,000 people did not ride the bus in Rosa Parks county.  This protest ended with the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public buses is unconstitutional.  

I have a dream speech

On August 28, 1963, on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C, during the march on Washington for jobs and freedom Martin Luther King gave his famous i have a dream speech.  250,000 people attended this protest, in which they walked a mile long walk from the national mall to the Lincoln Memorial.  After that, they listened to many civil rights leaders speeches but Martin Luther King jr. came last.  The i have a dream part of his speech came at the very end.

Civil rights act

The civil rights act of 1964, was the end of the civil rights movement.  It outlawed any discrimination against race, color, religion, gender, or national origin.

With the determination of Martin Luther King and Rosa Parks and all the other civil rights leaders,  now African Americans are equal as the white people, and any other race. At Daly Elementary  2015,  there are a lot of races in each classrooms.  We are all together and no one is discriminating each other. Without civil rights Movement  each classroom will still be segregated, and races would not be able to mix.

 

The Tobacco Safety Movement

Tobacco safety movement affected the whole world.  The movement started in 1964 tobacco can cause people to get cancer.   People never knew that they can die from tobacco.  There is now warning labels on cigarettes there are laws and one of the laws is you have to show your ID.

 

One of the people that was in the Tobacco safety movement  is Jeffrey Wigand he was born on December 17, 1942 in New York City he was a whistle blower also.  Jeffrey Wigand became famous in the 1990s when he took public his knowledge that cigarette companies had tried to conceal the dangers of smoking. Then in 1961, after just one year of college, Wigand dropped out of college and joined the United States Air Force.  

 

The first report on smoking and health was in 1964 the report shows a link between cigarette smoking and cancer.  The report was called Smoking and Health: Report of the Advisory Committee to the Surgeon General.  The 1964 report on smoking and health had an impact on public attitudes and policy. A Gallup Survey conducted in 1958 found that only 44 percent of Americans believed smoking caused cancer, while 78 percent believed so by 1968.   

 

In June 1961, the American Cancer Society, the American Heart Association, the National Tuberculosis Association, and the American Public Health Association addressed a letter to President John F. Kennedy, in which they called for a national commission on smoking, dedicated to “seeking a solution to this health problem that would interfere least with the freedom of industry or the happiness of individuals.” The Kennedy administration responded the following year, after prompting from a widely circulated critical study on cigarette smoking by the Royal College of Physicians of London.

 

Meeting at the National Library of Medicine on the campus of the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland, from November 1962 through January 1964, the committee reviewed more than 7,000 scientific articles with the help of over 150 consultants. Terry issued the commission’s report on January 11, 1964, choosing a Saturday to minimize the effect on the stock market and to maximize coverage in the Sunday papers. As Terry remembered the event, two decades later, the report “hit the country like a bombshell. It was front page news and a lead story on every radio and television station in the United States and many abroad.”In 1965, Congress required all cigarette packages distributed in the United States to carry a health warning, and since 1970 this warning is made in the name of the Surgeon General. In 1969, cigarette advertising on television and radio was banned, effective September 1970.

As a kid I breath in much more cleaner air I live in a less  smoky environment. Now people know what is going to happen to them when they smoke.

Older posts

© 2018 Room 231

Theme by Anders NorenUp ↑